R&D Breakthroughs in Biomaterials, Packaging and Media

"We have good experiences working with VTT from idea generation to technology upscaling." Ari Kiviranta, Research Director, Metsä Board

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Have a nice summer 2017

Dear ForestTech member, The summer is finally here. Most Finnish employees have their summer vacation in July, and so does also the ForestTech team. We hope that you have enjoyed reading our Newsletter. Approximately every second month we have info...

Apply to the Design the Cellulose Hack 2017 by 14th of August!

The goal of the hackathon is to find and demonstrate novel design solutions for industrial/commercial use. During the Helsinki Design Week 2017, VTT will invite 20–30 designers to join a two-day hackathon to work on a selection of new bio-based mate...

A EUR 4.5 million investment to support the emergence of sustainable and low carbon fiber-based products

Together with a large industrial consortium and the European Regional Development Fund ERDF, VTT has launched a EUR 4.5 million program to demonstrate new wood fiber-based products as alternative solutions for oil-based materials like plastics. The p...

Creating high value from lignocellulosic residual materials

Lignocellulosic resources have a great potential in replacing fossil-based products. Together with its partners in the ValBio 3D project, VTT is developing technologies for production of sustainable and 100% bio-based materials from agro-industrial r...

VTT expands its bio and circular economy pilot centre

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland will expand the operation of the Bioruukki pilot centre located in Espoo, from thermochemistry to novel ways of biomass utilisation, recycling of textile fibres and green chemistry technologies. The pilot cent...

Cellulose films with nano-scale layers and surface patterns

VTT has demonstrated various functionalization techniques to improve water resistance and barrier properties and to alter the surface architecture of cellulose nanofibril films. These approaches enable the introduction of cellulosic nanomaterials in...

Recycled wood - Potential low cost raw material for lignocellulosic biorefineries

Recycled waste wood is a promising alternative raw material for lignocellulosic biorefinery. Despite its heterogeneous nature, the recycled wood was efficiently pretreated for enzyme hydrolysis by Alkaline oxidation (AlkOx) technology developed by VT...

A new method for producing plant-based drinking bottles from furan dicarboxylic acid

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a new technology that enables production of plant-based products such as drinking bottles, paints and industrial resins. With the new environmentally sound and economical method, furan dicarboxyl...

How to implement real-time resource efficiency indicators in process industry? - Check the new guidebook!

Key performance indicators (KPIs) measure the success of plant operations. However, the current KPIs can rarely support daily decision making processes. Real-time Resource Efficiency Indicators (REIs) capture the effects of technical improvements and...

VTT and Aalto University collaborate to develop novel textile fibres

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland and Aalto University are taking Finnish fibre technologies towards industrial scale manufacturing in their joint TeKiDe project. The project transforms wood fibres and discarded cotton textiles, such as used s...

Satellites map carbon sequestered by forests, with accuracy of up to ten metres

​Led by VTT, the EU North State project has developed a new method of using satellite images to evaluate the forest carbon balance. The carbon balance indicates how much carbon is sequestered or released by forests each year. This enables the carbon...

Next generation biomaterials from Finland are displayed in exhibitions in Helsinki, Milan, and London

Designers, architects, material scientists, engineers, and business specialists from several research organizations are collaborating to generate a new high-value industry in Finland. Results of the collaboration have been displayed in three European...

Developing a business ecosystem around Finnish discarded textiles

The industrial utilization of discarded textiles requires that an extensive sorting and collection network is established for the different fibers – from cotton to polyester and viscose. Companies that wish to become involved in developing a business...

High strength wood-plastic composites from construction and demolition wood waste

Recycling of construction and demolition waste (C&DW) is an essential part of sustainable building in the circular economy. C&DW contains several wood fractions that can be upgraded to new products. High-quality wood-plastic composites (WPC)...

VTT has developed stand-up pouches from renewable raw materials for food products packaging

Stand-up pouch is the fastest growing type of consumer food packaging. Recently, VTT has developed 100% bio-based stand-up pouches with light weight and high technical performance. Paper based high-barrier stand-up pouches exploit the patent pending...

VTT’s foam session at PaperCon 2017: The program

VTT's Foam forming session will review the latest advances in the foam forming technology and showcase the properties of selected end products. VTT and several other organisations will discuss their advances with this technology. The session will be...

VTT Making of Tomorrow

VTT has launched an extensive marketing campaign aiming to raise VTT's profile as a frontrunner and thought leader in the area of bioeconomy. Please take a look at makingoftomorrow.vtt.fi. The contents of Making of Tomorrow campaign are based on the...

The influence of strain rate and pulp properties on the stress relaxation of wet paper — modelling of relaxation

The process efficiency of paper and board making can be improved, especially in unstable or in problematic running conditions, by taking full advantage of the proposed relatively simple modelling method for the relaxation behavior of wet paper webs....

Reactive lignin for reducing the environmental impacts of engineered wood products

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed technology known as "CatLignin" to produce reactive lignin from pulp industry side streams to be used as a replacement for toxic phenol compounds in wood adhesives that are widely used in wood pr...

Sustainable and cost-efficient lignin-based concrete plasticiser

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a technique that can be used to convert lignin – a by-product of pulp mills and biorefineries – into a concrete plasticiser that is competitive against the synthetic and lignosulphonate-based adm...

Production of nitrogen, phosphorus and carbon from waste water

Municipal sewage and some industrial waste waters can be used as sources of carbon and nutrients much more effectively than they are today. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland considers waste water to be a feedstock from which these valuable sub...

Doctoral dissertation on chemical processes and material modelling

Computational chemical thermodynamics theory and computational methods were developed and applied for process industry in this thesis. Most successful were models that combine reaction kinetics with partial thermodynamic equilibrium calculation and i...

VTT’s foam session at PaperCon 2017: The state of the foam forming

The session will be held on 26th of April from 8 am to 12 am. Come to see how the versatile foam forming technology can improve your business....

Properties of natural, processed and recovered biomass fuels indigenous in Finland

A new publication summarizes the key properties of the wide range of indigenous fuels available in Finland. The properties of wood, peat, energy crops, animal residues, solid recovered fuel, sludges, biogas, and fast pyrolysis oil are discussed. The...

Resource-efficient paper and board mills in future circular economy – Watch the video!

Watch the video to see examples on products, other than paper and board, that can be manufactured from side streams from the production process....

Spinnova's new wood fibre fabric displayed for the first time

Spinnova Ltd uses a globally unique technology to turn wood fibres directly into yarn, without complex chemical processes. At Finland's presidential Independence Day reception on 6 December 2016, people could see, for the first time, what kind of fab...

Foam forming is speeding up towards industrial scale

The annual seminar of the Foam Forming Program was held in October 2016 in Helsinki. 55 participants from the broad international industrial consortium representing 20 companies and almost a dozen countries attended the seminar. VTT would like to tha...

Hybrid solutions for improved performance of NonWoven Filters (HybridNWF) - Join the consortium!

This unique networking opportunity allows your company to gain access to novel technologies and pilot environments that enable improved understanding of these structures via wide-range characterization. With the help of experts and using novel hybrid...

Textile fibres from wood and zero-value textiles

There is a constantly growing demand for textile fibers in the world. Cellulose pulps as well as waste textiles and recycled wood fibers can be turned into fibers for the textile industry using various dissolution and processing technologies of cellu...

Environmentally friendly and efficient recovery of TEMPO oxidation chemicals

TEMPO-recovery rate up to 87% was achieved with solid phase extraction (SPE). This patented technology provides cost efficient and environmentally friendy solutions to recycle and recover valuable TEMPO-chemical (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine 1-oxyl)...

Technology Platform for Fiber Products - Join the program!

VTT has been successfully running the foam forming program with 20 companies for almost 2 years and is now planning its continuation. The next phase targets at taking a leap in the resource-efficiency as well as helping the renewal of forest industry...

VTT researchers win the Ken Maddern award

The Ken Maddern Award is given annually to the most outstanding paper published in the Appita Journal. In this year it was awarded to Elias Retulainen, Pekka Martikainen and Oleg Timofeev. The winning paper was titled Drying tension and shrinkage in...

Thermoplasticity would widen the range of applications of cellulose

Cellulose would be even more widely used if was thermoplastic, either intrinsically or due to functionalization. Functionalization of cellulose is easier if cellulose is reactive enough. One way to increase reactivity is to decrease molar mass of cel...

Tunable nanocellulose and hemicellulose films for packaging purposes

Lignocelluloses, such as nanocelluloses and hemicelluloses, offer a promising feedstock for completely new functional materials, such as humidity sensors and smart and bioactive films. Novel films for packaging purposes as well as smart and intellige...

Side streams from paper production can be used in composites

The paper and board industry has a long experience with the use of cellulose fibres for the production of paper and board. Throughout the sector's production processes, however, significant amounts of valuable components, such as fibres and mineral f...

Captivating concept products made from cellulose

The DWoC project aims at making Finland the source of value-added cellulosic products and business concepts and to accelerate the transformation of the current large-scale forest industry into a dynamic, competitive ecosystem for the bioeconomy conta...

Improving performance of corrugated board in varying humidity and temperature – Join the CrossBoard program

Corrugated board boxes are frequently exposed to varying humidity and temperature during transport and storage, which affects their performance. In the CrossBoard program, novel cost-efficient concepts are sought for creating technically and aestheti...

Foam allows forming of long fibers into webs

With a traditional water-laid process fibers longer than a couple millimeters, can be formed into webs only in highly diluted conditions. However, as VTT's pilot runs have recently demonstrated, foam allows forming of long fibers with consistencies t...

Determination of surfactants in process waters

One commonly used surfactant is the anionic surface active agent sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). Only the monomer form of the surfactant is able to reduce the surface tension of liquid. In order to control the functionality and removal of surfactants i...

Foam-forming of nonwoven products offers new opportunities - Join the consortium and become a forerunner

Foam forming offers possibilities to develop new fibre-based products, save production costs and reduce environmental impacts. The benefits of this technology have already been explored and accepted in paper and board making, and the next step is to...

Smart and tunable membranes from cellulose nanofibrils

Membranes are selective semi-permeable barriers, which are highly demanded in technological fields ranging from water purification to biosensors and analytics. Each membrane application has its own characteristic performance requirements, which makes...

Urban Mill Concept - System solutions for converting municipal and industrial wastes into fuels, materials and energy

Today, regulations and norms direct waste from landfilling to material and energy use. In Finland, the landfill ban on organic waste came into force in January 2016. The long-term objective of societies is to replace fossil and first generation renew...

Upcoming VTT Webinar – Biocomposites: Insights and a Patent Landscape on May 17, 2016

This webinar reviews the status of thermoplastic biocomposite research as well as the limitations and biggest challenges. The current research and industry trends will be highlighted by examining the patent landscape. Additionally, the valorization p...

VTT takes part in the International Wood Biorefining Week (IWB) in Stockholm on May 24 - 26, 2016

VTT will come to Stockholm with leading experts, conference presentations, spin-offs and demo projects. Discover what the brightest brains and state-of-the-art infra can do for your business: Value from lignin Biocomposites Forest based chemical...

Designing cellulose for the future – Exhibition and seminar in Helsinki, Finland, on May 16-18, 2016

The Designing Cellulose for the Future II is the second design and materials research oriented seminar exploring the future applications of cellulose, the renewable Finnish natural resource. Come and discover a diverse range of new cellulose-based ma...

A new bio-based barrier film prevents migration of mineral oil residues

Breakfast cereals are typically packaged in paper and board packaging with or without inner bags. Cereals are usually consumed without further processing, which underlines the concerns about the safety of food contact packaging materials. VTT has inv...

New concepts for recycling of construction and demolition wood waste

Construction and demolition (C&D) wastes arise from renovation, construction, and demolition of buildings, roads, and bridges. Recycling of these materials is an essential component of sustainable building by reducing environmental impact of mat...

High-consistency enzymatic fibrillation (HefCel) is a cost-efficient way to produce cellulose nanofibrils – Join the consortium for up-scaling the technology

Cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) are promising bio-based materials for numerous applications, either as a replacement of oil-based materials in existing products, potentially with added functionality, or in generating completely new type of materials and...

BIORUUKKI pilot centre – a unique innovation and demonstration platform for bio- and circular economy technologies

Bioruukki pilot centre is one of VTT´s most significant investments this decade. Bioruukki offers extensive possibilities for demonstrating how bio-based or recycled raw materials can be converted into various products, such as fuels, chemicals or ma...

VTT turns discarded textiles into cellulosic man-made fibers

70,000 tonnes of textiles is thrown away in Finland each year, and most of it is currently burned to energy. Around one third of the discarded textiles are made of cotton. Hence there is a huge and underutilized source of cellulosic raw material in F...

There is room for making paper stronger by improving bonding between fibres

The strength of paper is largely controlled by the bonds between individual fibres in paper. The stronger the bonds are the stronger is the paper. Strong bonding is a key for reducing the basis weight of paper products, saving fibre raw material and...

VTT webinars – Introductions to recycling of textile fibers, cellulose nanofibrils, and foam forming

Learn more about the technologies VTT is actively working on by watching these webinars from 2015 and 2014....

The European paperboard producer Metsä Board uses VTT’s News Monitor about Food Contact Materials

Metsä Board is a leading European folding boxboard and white fresh forest fiber linerboard producer, as well as a market pulp supplier. ForestTech interviewed Terhi Saari, Technology Centre Director at Metsä Board, and Eija Saski, Development Manager...

The first doctoral dissertation on foam forming leads the way to tailored fibre materials

Foam forming technology enables resource-efficient production of versatile cellulose-based fibre products ranging from light insulation materials to denser packaging products. Despite intensive technology development during the last few years, the me...

New pilot line will improve VTT’s foam forming research capabilities

VTT will build a new foam forming pilot line to offer even more versatile piloting services for its customers. The new line will open up possibilities for widening the range of research topics and potential applications. The pilot line also helps sca...

VTT showcased at Heureka’s Night of Bioeconomy

Science, technology and innovation change the world for all of us, and VTT is a key player in the game. On December 4, 2015, the Finnish science centre called Heureka organized the Night of Bioeconomy. The event was organized to introduce sciences an...

Mobile and flexible industrial processing of biomass

Transformation of societies into bioeconomies is based on sustainable, efficient and technologically advanced utilization of biomass. Side-streams from forestry and agriculture are considered to be an important source of raw materials for energy, che...

New method to test barrier properties against mineral oil compounds

A method for testing the mineral oil barriers of packaging materials has been developed at VTT, as a response to the need to protect foodstuff against contamination by mineral oil compounds. The method is a modification of the so-called cup test with...

Production of renewable fuels from forest residues is the most economically feasible solution under Finnish conditions

Liquid hydrocarbon fuels will continue to be needed in the transport sector, in addition to improvements in efficiency and switch to electric vehicles. Renewable transportation fuels produced from forest residues have proved to be the most economical...

Innovative Tools to Improve Efficiency in the Paper Industry – REFFIBRE Workshop on November 3, in Munich

Paper for recycling is a major raw material for the European paper and board industry. In the future, changes are expected in the use of paper for recycling and also in the properties of recycled fibers. New products from side streams from paper and...

Taking a glimpse into the future of print and paper

Printed batteries, posters capable of detecting touch, WiFi-blocking and noise-absorbing paper, these are just a selection of innovations brought together by the 'Paper Evolutions: Exploring digital and physical paper futures' exhibition hosted by VT...

Printed organic photovoltaics widen possibilities in energy production

Organic photovoltaic (OPV) technology has raised significant interest as an energy production technology for the future. Being flexible, lightweight, (semi)transparent, and rollable, OPV devices have a huge potential to spread into a wide spectrum of...

Biochemical modification and functionalization of nanocelullose surface

Biochemical methods are found to be feasible in nanocellulose modification and functionalization to study intrinsic properties of nanocellulose and cellulose binding proteins, and also for creating new functional materials....

Chemical and enzymatic oxidation using molecular oxygen as a means to valorize technical lignins for materials production

The results indicate that alkali-O2 oxidation provides wide possibilities to modify molecular mass and charge properties of lignin, which would increase the further application potential of technical lignins....

Formability of Paper and its Improvement potential

Extensibility of unrestrained dried paper was increased from 4 percentage points (untreated fibres) to 15 to 18 percentage points (mechanical treatment and addition of polymers). The extensibility can be increased further by up to 30 percentage point...

Summer time 2015

Dear ForestTech member,Summer time is finally here. Most Finnish employees have their summer vacations in July, also ForestTech team. There may be a little longer delay on processing requests in July, we hope that you understand. For more urgent requ...

Join in boosting up local and organic food markets by better package solutions

PACKER 2020 project emerged from the need to preserve national paperboard industry and to support the rapidly growing local and organic food movement. The project combines local paperboard and agricultural products into a product with its distinct id...

Cellulose turning into a supermaterial of the future: Broad-based cooperation multiplying the value of Finnish wood

Cellulose is a supermaterial of the future. The DWoC project is seeking new design-driven applications for cellulose and is developing related technology as well as exploring new ways to create value in cellulose-based ecosystems. These new materials...

Dissertation: Modelling the super-equilibria in thermal biomass conversion

A new computational method is presented for describing super-equilibrium states during thermal biomass conversion processes. Process engineering and studies related to combustion, gasification and biofuels are possible applications areas for this met...

Webinar video available: Cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) – a big hype or on the edge of a breakthrough?

Profound competence boosting the way from manufacturing to profitable business.How to utilize the full potential of the most abundant biopolymer that mother nature has to offer? How to combine the unique properties of cellulose with one of the "hotte...

PaperCon 2015: Industry committed to bring foam forming technology to market

VTT, together with large companies and small and medium size enterprises, has developed foam forming and coating technologies and demonstrated their potential through many pilot scale trials during the recent years. The main results of the latest fin...

Pure industrial chemicals by gasifying lignocellulosic biomass

VTT has demonstrated that lignocellulosic biomass can be successfully converted into pure BTX chemicals: benzene, toluene and xylene. The aim of this research is to enable the use of wood-based chemicals to replace crude oil in, for example, plastics...

Active and intelligent fibre-based packaging: from R&D to industrialization

During 2015-2019, ActInPak project will aim to identify and target the key technical, social, economic and legislative factors that will enable active and intelligent packaging made from fibre-based materials to be deployed in the market...

Electronic security tag for protecting valuable shipments

In collaboration with its EU project partners, VTT has developed an electronic security tag, which can used to protect valuable shipments and enhance product safety in the future. By using a security tag equipped with sensors, the sender and the reci...

NWBC 2015 - The 6th Nordic Wood Biorefinery Conference

The international event, Nordic Wood Biorefinery Conference (NWBC), is the leading meeting forum for wood biorefinery professionals. The next event will be held in Helsinki in October, 2015. This conference is jointly organised by VTT Technical Resea...

VTT sensor detects spoilage of food

VTT has developed a sensor that detects ethanol in the headspace of a food package. Ethanol is formed as a result of food spoilage. The sensor signal is wirelessly readable, for instance, by a mobile phone. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Lt...

VTT accelerates commercialisation of foam forming technology

Foam forming technology offers companies major cost saving possibilities in paper and paperboard manufacturing. It also expands the use of natural fibres in the production of recyclable and lightweight products. Some products can even be lightened by...

Is there any indirect migration of Mineral oil compounds from packages to food?

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has expressed its concern on food contamination with mineral oil hydrocarbons (MOH). This has led to the preparation of an ordinance in Germany that limits the maximum content of MOSH (saturated mineral oil h...

VTT performs bioeconomy and cleantech research at Bioruukki

VTT has built a piloting centre aimed at refining biomass at Kivenlahti, Espoo. Bioruukki offers companies world-class platform for new technology development and realisation of bioeconomy concepts. It operates in an area of technology that is import...

Design kraft pulps with fractionation of softwood and hardwood pulps

Fractionation of final or semi-finished fibres gives advanced possibilities to design pulps with unique fibre characteristics. For example, the tear index increased up to 16% and the fracture toughness index up to 23% of the GW blend sheets by using...

Novel adhesives and insulating foams from softwood bark tannins

In collaboration with its partners, VTT developed tannin extraction from softwood bark as part of an ERA-NET project. At least 130 kg of crude tannin powder can be produced from one tonne of dry wood bark, still leaving 87% of the original bark mass...

Solar power from energy-harvesting trees – Watch the video!

Scientists at VTT have developed a prototype of a tree that harvests solar energy from its surroundings - whether indoors or outdoors - stores it and turns it into electricity to power small devices such as mobile phones, humidifiers, thermometers an...

Bio-based pouch for nuts and other award-winning projects in the New Tree competition

VTT's fully bio-based and transparent packaging film won the New Tree competition award in the urbanisation category on 29 January in Helsinki. VTT is also involved in the biodegradable mulch project, the winner of its own category. The goal of the N...

VTT became a limited liability company

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland and the Centre for Metrology and Accreditation MIKES amalgamated on 1 January 2015. At the same time, VTT became a limited liability company. Erkki KM Leppävuori is the President and CEO of VTT Ltd.VTT Technic...

Evaluation of future pulp mill concepts demonstrated in a reference model

Reference model can be used for the evaluation of future pulp mill and biorefinery concepts....

Guide to cellulose nanomaterials has been updated

The Guide to cellulose nanomaterials" by VTT has been updated and a 35 page summary in English has been published. The main focus of the updated guide is on the potential and developing applications for cellulose nanomaterials....

Runnability of wet mechanical paper not improved with reinforcement pulp

The doctoral thesis by VTT researcher Jarmo Kouko raises some fundamental aspects in the complex subject of the paper web runnability, and aim to provide tools for the controlling the wet web tension-strain behavior, and ensuring properties of the en...

The benefit of nanocellulose on paper and board strength

VTT has conducted the first independent and comprehensive benchmark study related to characterisation and application testing of pre-commercial and commercial cellulose nanomaterial grades. According to the results non-wood materials can also be viab...

TESTAA-project Final Seminar

In Testaa- technology platform new value added products were developed together with VTT, SMEs and large companies. The public Testaa-project has provided an opportunity for the participating companies to test new ideas at VTT´s pilot facilities. The...

Boosting the extensibility potential of fibre networks

Factors affecting extensibility of fibres and paper are discussed in this paper that has practical importance for makers of sack papers, bag papers and even in replacing plastic in some packages....

VTT developing an environmentally friendly alternative for polystyrene

While it is used all over the world as a light packaging and insulation material, EPS (expanded polystyrene) is a problem as waste. This is why VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland is currently developing an affordable and environmentally friendl...

Increasing temperature reduces significantly runnability of wet paper webs

The results showed that temperature had a significant influence on the straining, relaxation and re-straining behaviour of wet paper that are indicators for the wet web runnability at a paper machine. This has practical significance for fiber webs dr...

Two public research programs, Future Biorefineries Products from Dissolved Cellulose and Future Biorefinery JR 2 published by FIBIC

Two public research programs, Future Biorefineries Products from Dissolved Cellulose and Future Biorefinery JR 2, delivered a remarkable amount of results and new competences. Programs were run by "Finnish Bioeconomy Cluster" FIBIC. The key results a...

3-layer film for modified atmosphere applications

This 3-layer film has a bio-based content over 95% and excellent heat-sealability and barrier properties against oxygen and water vapour. The film was produced by combining a traditional extrusion coating technology. The film may be used as a packagi...

Be a partner in project: Novel high tear strength products from mechanical pulps

VTT together with industry partners is launching a project focusing on increasing the tear strength and decreasing the costs of wood-containing papers. The potential of using different types of staple fibres is to be studied and novel concepts will b...

Join TESTAA-project Final Seminar

New value added products were developed in TESTAA. TESTAA - technology platform has provided for SMEs and large companies an opportunity to test new ideas at VTTs pilot facilities....

Actual and Future Possibilities for 1-Way Food Packages

This review consists of a critical analysis of published results of 1-way food packaging and discusses more in detail what will be necessary for the development of 1-way food packaging based solely on wood derived products and biodegradable polymers....

Fresh fibre input to papermaking is more important than earlier considered

Paper and board recycling material flows in European level were clarified. Flows of fibre, water and non-fibrous components are shown. In paper production only 41% of fibre used in paper production phase comes back to circulation due to loss of fibre...

Lignofibre - Flexible processing of biomass into high-value components

Lignofibre (LGF) organosolv, a process patented by VTT, is based on cooking with organic solvents, such as acetic acid and ethanol, at elevated temperatures (150°C). With the LGF process, fractionation of lignocellulosics into cellulose fibres, ligni...

Low-cost paper-based morphine detection test

Paper finds new uses and markets within handy diagnostic tests. A lateral flow assay device, where nitrocellulose as an analytical membrane was substituted by paper, has been realized in this work. Paper served as a matrix for wicking of liquid and d...