R&D Breakthroughs in Biomaterials, Packaging and Media

"We have good experiences working with VTT from idea generation to technology upscaling." Ari Kiviranta, Research Director, Metsä Board

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Nanocellulose enabling formable, strong and lightweight structures for e.g. interior construction

Cellulose Micro/nanofibrils have inherent binding ability to fibre matrices which include paper and carton board. Cellulosic fibres may be foamed using defined approaches to form self-standing structures upon drying. These features have been used to...

VTT Webinar: Piloting in technology transfer, on Nov 1, 2018

The consumption of textile fibres has increased from 50 million tons to more than 70 million tons during the last decade. The trend is expected to continue due to demographic and economic development. The textile industry needs new sustainable soluti...

VTT Webinar: Zero waste packaging: Biodegradable cushioning materials, on Aug 30, 2018

How to replace non-renewable cushioning materials, like expanded polystyrene, in packaging? When did you last recycle expanded polystyrene (EPS) cushioning material? Can Styrofoam be replaced? Join the webinar and hear how fibre foams and biopolym...

Cellulose Nanomaterials in Products ‐ Risk Assessment According to European Commission Guideline

Since some years, the unique properties of cellulose nanomaterials have been utilized in commercial products. Examples include adult diapers by Nippon Paper, ballpoint pens by Mitsubishi Pencil, packaging boards by Stora Enso and cosmetic products by...

Towards nanoenabled bio-based future solutions by foam technologies

Lately VTT has shown foam-based alternatives to replace non-renewable packaging and construction materials. The developed alternatives utilize mainly foam forming and foam coating methods that can be used in several applications. The ability to under...

Development of Cellulose Fibre Yarns For Hormone Capture From Aqueous Matrices

VTT developed a method to produce cyclodextrin functionalized fibre yarn. The fibre yarn prepared by DES process swells significantly in water and this functional yarn is capable to capture ethinyl estradiol hormone from water. The developed yarn can...

A fully bio-based material to replace fossil-based plastics in thermally formable products developed by VTT

VTT has developed a thermally formable, biodegradable material, which is 100% bio-based. Its suitability for applications such as furniture makes it an attractive alternative to wood and biocomposite materials available in the market, not only becaus...

Have a nice summer 2018

Dear ForestTech member,The summer has reached Finland. Most Finnish employees have their summer vacation in July, and so does also the ForestTech team....

Boosting the drying shrinkage with fibrillated cellulose is one potential way to increase elongation and 3D formability of paper

Elongation is an important property of many packaging board and paper grades. Paper with high extensibility could provide an alternative for oil-based packaging materials. In this work paper strength and elongation properties of unrestrained dried pa...

VTT’s pilot line for demonstrating nanotextured materials is being upgraded

With VTT's surface treatment pilot line (SutCo), a wide selection of substrates, such as plastics, paper, paperboard, nonwovens and textiles can be coated. SutCo is now being upgraded to demonstrate novel applications with cast and foam coating. Mate...

Replacement potential of fossil polymers with cellulose based materials

How different cellulose-based components and their features can be utilized in the development of new applications and structures?...

New method significantly improves the production of biohydrogen and other biochemicals

The ability of photosynthesising microbial cells to produce biohydrogen from solar energy can be improved by attaching the cells to a transparent nanocellulose film. The method is also expected to enhance the production of other biochemicals from mic...

SAMPO pilot line - The next generation fiber foam research facility is now in operation

The novel SAMPO pilot line enables process and product research on 1-layer and multi-layered structures of multi-component fiber foams. SAMPO expands VTT's piloting and research environments regarding novel web structures....

VTT-Aalto biomaterials competence cluster receives Academy of Finland Flagship funding

The CERES competence cluster on materials bioeconomy is a joint effort by Aalto University and VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. The amount of funding is € 9 million for the period 2018 to 2022....

Wet-spinning pilot at Bioruukki - Boosting the development of textile fiber manufacturing technologies

VTT has taken a brave step forward in the development of sustainable regenerated cellulosic fiber technologies. In 2017, the pilot wet-spinning facility was installed at the Bioruukki piloting center in Espoo, Finland. In the first trials, carbamate...

3D Printing of Biomaterials in PulPaper 2018 Conference in Helsinki on May 29

VTT and FPInnovations are organising a great one-day seminar on the possibilities of 3D printing of biomaterials in the forest industry. Presentations open up views to the innovations in the field of 3D printing and provide an opportunity for network...

Nanocellulose membranes for water purification

The strong interactions of cellulosic materials with water are often considered as a challenge and detrimental feature. Moisture sensitivity can also be perceived as a key enabler for fine-tuned membrane materials for, e.g., water purification....

Webinar: On-site enzyme production to cut costs in biorefining

Have it your way – Produce your own enzymes locally and minimize their operational cost. In this webinar we take a deep dive into the industrial cellulase production process, understand why cellulases are expensive and how alternative manufacturing p...

New way of producing useful compounds from birch for the cosmetics industry

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has used plant cell culture technology to develop new types of ingredients for the cosmetics industry. Cell cultures, which originated from birch leaves and seeds, produce pigments, as well as compounds that h...

Bioenergy from Finnish forests

Sustainable, efficient, modern use of wood. This report describes Finland's approach to sustainable solid biomass supply based on forest wood resources....

Roll-to-roll processing of nanocellulose into coatings

Nanocelluloses are attractive materials as barrier coatings for packaging. However, nanocellulose suspensions cannot be easily coated using the traditional coating processes, due to their complex flow properties, e.g. high viscosity. Continuous roll-...

From tannins to glue components

Tannins are suitable raw materials for glue applications alongside their current uses as leather dyes. The bark of Finnish softwood trees contains large amounts of water-soluble tannin-polyphenols that can be used in various adhesive applications to...

A cavalcade of new concept products from cellulose

A bike, heating elements, a pair of shoes, a range of interior panels. These are examples of concept products presented in a seminar and exhibition called Designing Cellulose for the Future III in January 2018. The event was organized by VTT, Aalto U...

The Ellen MacArthur Foundation awards VTT for a bio-based packaging solution that reduces the use of plastics

The Ellen MacArthur Foundation awarded VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland for a packaging solution made of cellulose in Davos on 23 January 2018. VTT is one of the five prize winners, between whom the foundation splits a one-million-dollar priz...

New biomaterials can solve the challenges of sustainable development

Broad-based bio-competence is Finland's success factor for the future. Wood cellulose has the potential to be a future super material that can replace fossil raw materials such as plastic and man-made fibers or even cotton. In Finland's extensive an...

CEPI Blue Sky young Researcher Award won by VTT

Earlier this year, CEPI invited all early-stage researchers to apply for a chance to receive the Blue Sky Young Researchers Europe award. The contest shortlisted eight finalists, three of whom received the award and automatically were submitted to th...

Automation of factory logistics for European SMEs takes a digital leap

Launched in October 2017, the L4MS (Logistics for Manufacturing SMEs) 8.8 M€ initiative supported by the European Commission will accelerate the automation of intra-factory logistics of SMEs. L4MS will completely digitalize logistics automation in fa...

Novel solutions for cellulose-based electrical insulation components

Production of electrical insulation components, which are used in oil-cooled power distribution transformers, is globally a B$1.19 business. Cellulose is one commonly used raw material for these insulation components. However, the state-of-the-art pr...

Lignin-based concrete plasticizer technology LigniOx to be scaled-up

LigniOx technology developed by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland converts lignin by-products from pulp mills and other biorefineries into concrete plasticizers that can compete with the synthetic and lignosulphonate-based admixtures on the ma...

Flexible pigment-cellulose nanofibril composites for printed electronics applications

There is a growing need for production of flexible, cost-effective, and environmentally friendly substrates for printed electronics applications. Cellulose micro and nanofibrils (CMNF) have attracted significant interest as a raw material in this fie...

VTT’s EUR 3 million investment accelerates the development of new kinds of fibre products

Cellulose and other fibres are future materials that can replace many plastic and mineral-based materials in the industrial sector. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has extended its research environment in Jyväskylä by introducing another pil...

Renewing specialty papers with foam – Join the project

In cooperation with the industry partners, VTT and KCL are launching a project focusing on renewal of specialty papers with foam forming technology. The project will evaluate the potential of foam forming technology for the specialty paper industry....

Advanced structures and compositions for 3D forming of cellulosic fibers

The materials applied with 3D shaping processes should show desired strength behavior and formability. The objective of this thesis was to systematically investigate strategies to endow fiber-based materials with toughness and formability. Improved f...

New process to extract autumn leaves

Natural pigments and raw materials are literally falling from the trees. Autumn leaves contain a range of interesting substances such as pigments, carbohydrates, lignings, proteins and compounds that inhibit the growth of harmful bacteria. ...

VTT is developing 3D-printing materials for wound care and decorative elements

Cellulose nanofibrils have properties that can improve the characteristics of bio-based 3D-printing pastes. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland is developing a 3D wound care product for monitoring wound condition in hospital care. However, the f...

Protein production practically out of thin air

A batch of single-cell protein has been produced at VTT by using electricity and carbon dioxide....

Invitation for companies to digitalise forest industry with Siemens, VTT and Spinverse

Does your company have a great product, service or technology that can radically transform the forest industry? Can you spot patterns in data that allow you to draw insights that others are not able to? Would you like to work with a global technology...

Have a nice summer 2017

Dear ForestTech member, The summer is finally here. Most Finnish employees have their summer vacation in July, and so does also the ForestTech team. We hope that you have enjoyed reading our Newsletter. Approximately every second month we have info...

Apply to the Design the Cellulose Hack 2017 by 14th of August!

The goal of the hackathon is to find and demonstrate novel design solutions for industrial/commercial use. During the Helsinki Design Week 2017, VTT will invite 20–30 designers to join a two-day hackathon to work on a selection of new bio-based mate...

A EUR 4.5 million investment to support the emergence of sustainable and low carbon fiber-based products

Together with a large industrial consortium and the European Regional Development Fund ERDF, VTT has launched a EUR 4.5 million program to demonstrate new wood fiber-based products as alternative solutions for oil-based materials like plastics. The p...

Creating high value from lignocellulosic residual materials

Lignocellulosic resources have a great potential in replacing fossil-based products. Together with its partners in the ValBio 3D project, VTT is developing technologies for production of sustainable and 100% bio-based materials from agro-industrial r...

VTT expands its bio and circular economy pilot centre

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland will expand the operation of the Bioruukki pilot centre located in Espoo, from thermochemistry to novel ways of biomass utilisation, recycling of textile fibres and green chemistry technologies. The pilot cent...

Cellulose films with nano-scale layers and surface patterns

VTT has demonstrated various functionalization techniques to improve water resistance and barrier properties and to alter the surface architecture of cellulose nanofibril films. These approaches enable the introduction of cellulosic nanomaterials in...

Recycled wood - Potential low cost raw material for lignocellulosic biorefineries

Recycled waste wood is a promising alternative raw material for lignocellulosic biorefinery. Despite its heterogeneous nature, the recycled wood was efficiently pretreated for enzyme hydrolysis by Alkaline oxidation (AlkOx) technology developed by VT...

A new method for producing plant-based drinking bottles from furan dicarboxylic acid

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a new technology that enables production of plant-based products such as drinking bottles, paints and industrial resins. With the new environmentally sound and economical method, furan dicarboxyl...

How to implement real-time resource efficiency indicators in process industry? - Check the new guidebook!

Key performance indicators (KPIs) measure the success of plant operations. However, the current KPIs can rarely support daily decision making processes. Real-time Resource Efficiency Indicators (REIs) capture the effects of technical improvements and...

VTT and Aalto University collaborate to develop novel textile fibres

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland and Aalto University are taking Finnish fibre technologies towards industrial scale manufacturing in their joint TeKiDe project. The project transforms wood fibres and discarded cotton textiles, such as used s...

Satellites map carbon sequestered by forests, with accuracy of up to ten metres

​Led by VTT, the EU North State project has developed a new method of using satellite images to evaluate the forest carbon balance. The carbon balance indicates how much carbon is sequestered or released by forests each year. This enables the carbon...

Next generation biomaterials from Finland are displayed in exhibitions in Helsinki, Milan, and London

Designers, architects, material scientists, engineers, and business specialists from several research organizations are collaborating to generate a new high-value industry in Finland. Results of the collaboration have been displayed in three European...

Developing a business ecosystem around Finnish discarded textiles

The industrial utilization of discarded textiles requires that an extensive sorting and collection network is established for the different fibers – from cotton to polyester and viscose. Companies that wish to become involved in developing a business...

High strength wood-plastic composites from construction and demolition wood waste

Recycling of construction and demolition waste (C&DW) is an essential part of sustainable building in the circular economy. C&DW contains several wood fractions that can be upgraded to new products. High-quality wood-plastic composites (WPC)...

VTT has developed stand-up pouches from renewable raw materials for food products packaging

Stand-up pouch is the fastest growing type of consumer food packaging. Recently, VTT has developed 100% bio-based stand-up pouches with light weight and high technical performance. Paper based high-barrier stand-up pouches exploit the patent pending...

Foresttech will merge with Making of Tomorrow

The bioeconomy transformation requires a strong innovation ground, a multidisciplinary approach and strong scientific and technological competences. The transformation affects our everyday lives, as it occurs in the areas of energy, chemicals, materi...

VTT’s foam session at PaperCon 2017: The program

VTT's Foam forming session will review the latest advances in the foam forming technology and showcase the properties of selected end products. VTT and several other organisations will discuss their advances with this technology. The session will be...

VTT Making of Tomorrow

VTT has launched an extensive marketing campaign aiming to raise VTT's profile as a frontrunner and thought leader in the area of bioeconomy. Please take a look at makingoftomorrow.vtt.fi. The contents of Making of Tomorrow campaign are based on the...

The influence of strain rate and pulp properties on the stress relaxation of wet paper — modelling of relaxation

The process efficiency of paper and board making can be improved, especially in unstable or in problematic running conditions, by taking full advantage of the proposed relatively simple modelling method for the relaxation behavior of wet paper webs....

Reactive lignin for reducing the environmental impacts of engineered wood products

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed technology known as "CatLignin" to produce reactive lignin from pulp industry side streams to be used as a replacement for toxic phenol compounds in wood adhesives that are widely used in wood pr...

Sustainable and cost-efficient lignin-based concrete plasticiser

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a technique that can be used to convert lignin – a by-product of pulp mills and biorefineries – into a concrete plasticiser that is competitive against the synthetic and lignosulphonate-based adm...

Production of nitrogen, phosphorus and carbon from waste water

Municipal sewage and some industrial waste waters can be used as sources of carbon and nutrients much more effectively than they are today. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland considers waste water to be a feedstock from which these valuable sub...

Doctoral dissertation on chemical processes and material modelling

Computational chemical thermodynamics theory and computational methods were developed and applied for process industry in this thesis. Most successful were models that combine reaction kinetics with partial thermodynamic equilibrium calculation and i...

VTT’s foam session at PaperCon 2017: The state of the foam forming

The session will be held on 26th of April from 8 am to 12 am. Come to see how the versatile foam forming technology can improve your business....

Properties of natural, processed and recovered biomass fuels indigenous in Finland

A new publication summarizes the key properties of the wide range of indigenous fuels available in Finland. The properties of wood, peat, energy crops, animal residues, solid recovered fuel, sludges, biogas, and fast pyrolysis oil are discussed. The...

Resource-efficient paper and board mills in future circular economy – Watch the video!

Watch the video to see examples on products, other than paper and board, that can be manufactured from side streams from the production process....

Spinnova's new wood fibre fabric displayed for the first time

Spinnova Ltd uses a globally unique technology to turn wood fibres directly into yarn, without complex chemical processes. At Finland's presidential Independence Day reception on 6 December 2016, people could see, for the first time, what kind of fab...

Foam forming is speeding up towards industrial scale

The annual seminar of the Foam Forming Program was held in October 2016 in Helsinki. 55 participants from the broad international industrial consortium representing 20 companies and almost a dozen countries attended the seminar. VTT would like to tha...

Hybrid solutions for improved performance of NonWoven Filters (HybridNWF) - Join the consortium!

This unique networking opportunity allows your company to gain access to novel technologies and pilot environments that enable improved understanding of these structures via wide-range characterization. With the help of experts and using novel hybrid...

Textile fibres from wood and zero-value textiles

There is a constantly growing demand for textile fibers in the world. Cellulose pulps as well as waste textiles and recycled wood fibers can be turned into fibers for the textile industry using various dissolution and processing technologies of cellu...

Environmentally friendly and efficient recovery of TEMPO oxidation chemicals

TEMPO-recovery rate up to 87% was achieved with solid phase extraction (SPE). This patented technology provides cost efficient and environmentally friendy solutions to recycle and recover valuable TEMPO-chemical (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine 1-oxyl)...

Technology Platform for Fiber Products - Join the program!

VTT has been successfully running the foam forming program with 20 companies for almost 2 years and is now planning its continuation. The next phase targets at taking a leap in the resource-efficiency as well as helping the renewal of forest industry...

VTT researchers win the Ken Maddern award

The Ken Maddern Award is given annually to the most outstanding paper published in the Appita Journal. In this year it was awarded to Elias Retulainen, Pekka Martikainen and Oleg Timofeev. The winning paper was titled Drying tension and shrinkage in...

Thermoplasticity would widen the range of applications of cellulose

Cellulose would be even more widely used if was thermoplastic, either intrinsically or due to functionalization. Functionalization of cellulose is easier if cellulose is reactive enough. One way to increase reactivity is to decrease molar mass of cel...

Tunable nanocellulose and hemicellulose films for packaging purposes

Lignocelluloses, such as nanocelluloses and hemicelluloses, offer a promising feedstock for completely new functional materials, such as humidity sensors and smart and bioactive films. Novel films for packaging purposes as well as smart and intellige...

Side streams from paper production can be used in composites

The paper and board industry has a long experience with the use of cellulose fibres for the production of paper and board. Throughout the sector's production processes, however, significant amounts of valuable components, such as fibres and mineral f...

Captivating concept products made from cellulose

The DWoC project aims at making Finland the source of value-added cellulosic products and business concepts and to accelerate the transformation of the current large-scale forest industry into a dynamic, competitive ecosystem for the bioeconomy conta...

Improving performance of corrugated board in varying humidity and temperature – Join the CrossBoard program

Corrugated board boxes are frequently exposed to varying humidity and temperature during transport and storage, which affects their performance. In the CrossBoard program, novel cost-efficient concepts are sought for creating technically and aestheti...

Foam allows forming of long fibers into webs

With a traditional water-laid process fibers longer than a couple millimeters, can be formed into webs only in highly diluted conditions. However, as VTT's pilot runs have recently demonstrated, foam allows forming of long fibers with consistencies t...

Determination of surfactants in process waters

One commonly used surfactant is the anionic surface active agent sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). Only the monomer form of the surfactant is able to reduce the surface tension of liquid. In order to control the functionality and removal of surfactants i...

Foam-forming of nonwoven products offers new opportunities - Join the consortium and become a forerunner

Foam forming offers possibilities to develop new fibre-based products, save production costs and reduce environmental impacts. The benefits of this technology have already been explored and accepted in paper and board making, and the next step is to...

Smart and tunable membranes from cellulose nanofibrils

Membranes are selective semi-permeable barriers, which are highly demanded in technological fields ranging from water purification to biosensors and analytics. Each membrane application has its own characteristic performance requirements, which makes...

Urban Mill Concept - System solutions for converting municipal and industrial wastes into fuels, materials and energy

Today, regulations and norms direct waste from landfilling to material and energy use. In Finland, the landfill ban on organic waste came into force in January 2016. The long-term objective of societies is to replace fossil and first generation renew...

Upcoming VTT Webinar – Biocomposites: Insights and a Patent Landscape on May 17, 2016

This webinar reviews the status of thermoplastic biocomposite research as well as the limitations and biggest challenges. The current research and industry trends will be highlighted by examining the patent landscape. Additionally, the valorization p...

VTT takes part in the International Wood Biorefining Week (IWB) in Stockholm on May 24 - 26, 2016

VTT will come to Stockholm with leading experts, conference presentations, spin-offs and demo projects. Discover what the brightest brains and state-of-the-art infra can do for your business: Value from lignin Biocomposites Forest based chemical...

Designing cellulose for the future – Exhibition and seminar in Helsinki, Finland, on May 16-18, 2016

The Designing Cellulose for the Future II is the second design and materials research oriented seminar exploring the future applications of cellulose, the renewable Finnish natural resource. Come and discover a diverse range of new cellulose-based ma...

A new bio-based barrier film prevents migration of mineral oil residues

Breakfast cereals are typically packaged in paper and board packaging with or without inner bags. Cereals are usually consumed without further processing, which underlines the concerns about the safety of food contact packaging materials. VTT has inv...

New concepts for recycling of construction and demolition wood waste

Construction and demolition (C&D) wastes arise from renovation, construction, and demolition of buildings, roads, and bridges. Recycling of these materials is an essential component of sustainable building by reducing environmental impact of mat...

High-consistency enzymatic fibrillation (HefCel) is a cost-efficient way to produce cellulose nanofibrils – Join the consortium for up-scaling the technology

Cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) are promising bio-based materials for numerous applications, either as a replacement of oil-based materials in existing products, potentially with added functionality, or in generating completely new type of materials and...

BIORUUKKI pilot centre – a unique innovation and demonstration platform for bio- and circular economy technologies

Bioruukki pilot centre is one of VTT´s most significant investments this decade. Bioruukki offers extensive possibilities for demonstrating how bio-based or recycled raw materials can be converted into various products, such as fuels, chemicals or ma...

VTT turns discarded textiles into cellulosic man-made fibers

70,000 tonnes of textiles is thrown away in Finland each year, and most of it is currently burned to energy. Around one third of the discarded textiles are made of cotton. Hence there is a huge and underutilized source of cellulosic raw material in F...

There is room for making paper stronger by improving bonding between fibres

The strength of paper is largely controlled by the bonds between individual fibres in paper. The stronger the bonds are the stronger is the paper. Strong bonding is a key for reducing the basis weight of paper products, saving fibre raw material and...

VTT webinars – Introductions to recycling of textile fibers, cellulose nanofibrils, and foam forming

Learn more about the technologies VTT is actively working on by watching these webinars from 2015 and 2014....

The European paperboard producer Metsä Board uses VTT’s News Monitor about Food Contact Materials

Metsä Board is a leading European folding boxboard and white fresh forest fiber linerboard producer, as well as a market pulp supplier. ForestTech interviewed Terhi Saari, Technology Centre Director at Metsä Board, and Eija Saski, Development Manager...

The first doctoral dissertation on foam forming leads the way to tailored fibre materials

Foam forming technology enables resource-efficient production of versatile cellulose-based fibre products ranging from light insulation materials to denser packaging products. Despite intensive technology development during the last few years, the me...

New pilot line will improve VTT’s foam forming research capabilities

VTT will build a new foam forming pilot line to offer even more versatile piloting services for its customers. The new line will open up possibilities for widening the range of research topics and potential applications. The pilot line also helps sca...

VTT showcased at Heureka’s Night of Bioeconomy

Science, technology and innovation change the world for all of us, and VTT is a key player in the game. On December 4, 2015, the Finnish science centre called Heureka organized the Night of Bioeconomy. The event was organized to introduce sciences an...

Mobile and flexible industrial processing of biomass

Transformation of societies into bioeconomies is based on sustainable, efficient and technologically advanced utilization of biomass. Side-streams from forestry and agriculture are considered to be an important source of raw materials for energy, che...

New method to test barrier properties against mineral oil compounds

A method for testing the mineral oil barriers of packaging materials has been developed at VTT, as a response to the need to protect foodstuff against contamination by mineral oil compounds. The method is a modification of the so-called cup test with...

Production of renewable fuels from forest residues is the most economically feasible solution under Finnish conditions

Liquid hydrocarbon fuels will continue to be needed in the transport sector, in addition to improvements in efficiency and switch to electric vehicles. Renewable transportation fuels produced from forest residues have proved to be the most economical...

Innovative Tools to Improve Efficiency in the Paper Industry – REFFIBRE Workshop on November 3, in Munich

Paper for recycling is a major raw material for the European paper and board industry. In the future, changes are expected in the use of paper for recycling and also in the properties of recycled fibers. New products from side streams from paper and...

Taking a glimpse into the future of print and paper

Printed batteries, posters capable of detecting touch, WiFi-blocking and noise-absorbing paper, these are just a selection of innovations brought together by the 'Paper Evolutions: Exploring digital and physical paper futures' exhibition hosted by VT...

Printed organic photovoltaics widen possibilities in energy production

Organic photovoltaic (OPV) technology has raised significant interest as an energy production technology for the future. Being flexible, lightweight, (semi)transparent, and rollable, OPV devices have a huge potential to spread into a wide spectrum of...